Called Garofalo from his ancestral village in the duchy of Ferrara. Ferrarese School. Born 1481; died 1559. He was early influenced by Costa and Boccaccino and by Giorgione, who is said to have been his friend. Later, in Rome, Raphael made a strong impression on his style. He was active chiefly in Ferrara, sometimes along with the Dossi brothers. There has been some confusion between his oeuvre and that of L'Ortolano.